The American Violet Society
Return to AVS Homepage

International Cultivar Authority Registry Of The Genus Viola

Heirloom Single Flowered Violets

California - Czar Variegated

Select Entry For Quick Access

California - Emery Smith (California) U.S.A. (1892).

A very interesting violet raised in California by Emery Smith and first exported to Pitcher and Manda, Shorthills ( New Jersey)  in blocks of ice.

This variety was the first of any great size, the blooms being up to 2 inches across, borne on very long stems.   The flowers are light violet blue, with long narrow petals, and the upper two set wide apart. 

Very fragrant.

California Pioneer - Origins unknown.

 Small white flowers with deep bronze markings on the petals, the top two petals are maroon on the reverse, long stems to 12 inches long.

Cardinale – Nathalie Casbas, Villaudric, France.

 A very old variety.  Still grown near Cahors for cut flower work.

 Blue flowers.

Cendrillon - France.  Date unknown.  

 A development from ‘Quatre Saisons', meant to be an improvement.

 Large violet purple flowers.  Hardy but not free flowering.


Charm - Origins unknown.

 White flowers; supposedly a selection from V.odorata.

Charles W. Groves - C.W. Groves and Son. Bridport, Dorset, England. (1985)

 Named by Clive Groves in honour of his late father.

 Good sized magenta pink flowers, which are purple on the reverse.

 Strongly scented.

Christmas - origins unknown.

Soft blue flowers on short stems.

Slight scent.

Clive Groves - C.W. Groves and Son, Bridport, (Dorset) UK.  (1980).

 Named after the current owner of C.W. Groves and Son, a nursery involved

 in growing violets amongst other things, for three generations, by Charles William Groves, Clive’s father.

A good-sized plant with large, reddish purple flowers on longish stems.

 Very fragrant.

Coeur d'Alsace - Armand Millet, Bourg- la- Reine, France. (1916).

A seedling from 'Rubra' x 'Les Lilas'.

Named to commemorate the re-unification of France with her lost territories following the First World War.

Rosy-pink flowers borne on long stems.

Sweetly scented

Colombine - Nathalie Casbas, Villaudric, France.  (1991).

Obtained from a deliberate crossing of a violet thought to be 'Czar', with a form of ‘Quatre Saisons.

Sky blue flowers.

Comtesse Edmond du Tertre - Molin of Lyon (Seedsmen) France. (1895-96).  Introduced by Armand Millet, Bourge la Reine, France. 1897.

 'Lilas' x 'Perle Rose'.

Large flowered blue cultivar with long petals and long stems. Similar in colour to 'Luxonne.' It has a tendency to make too many runners.

F.N.H.S Certificate of Merit.

Constance Apthorp - See 'Mrs R. Barton'.

Copper Pennies – Australia. Date unknown.

No description available.

Cordelia - Introduced by Dorothy Kimberley ( Hereford) UK.   (1984).

 A seedling from 'Coeur d'Alsace'.

-White flowers with the palest pink blush to the petals; it has a mushroomy-pink spur. 

-Blooms are carried on good, long stems.  Its habit is very much like that of its parent.

Highly scented.

Corfe Mullen Wonder - J.J. Kettle, Corfe Mullen, Dorset, England.  (1928)

No description available.

Cornish Indigenous Mauve - Name not valid, this refers to V.odorata var. praecox. (Jord) Rouy et Foucard. "This autumn and winter flowering form is nearly if not always found in proximity to houses or the remains of former gardens and is considered to be native". Flora of Devon- W. Keble-Martin & G.T. Fraser, T. Buncle and Co Ltd, 1939.

Cornish Indigenous White - Name not valid, this refers to V. odorata var. dumetorum.  (Jord) Rouy et Foucard.

Cornish White - See 'Cornish Indigenous White'.

Corsican - Origins unknown.

Coppery lilac flowers.

Cour d'Alsace - See 'Coeur d'Alsace'.

Cottle Stripe - Introduced by Jennifer Bousefield, Launceston (Cornwall) UK.

Discovered growing in an orchard near Truro in Cornwall.

A true odorata type with very palest mauve streaked flowers and thinly speckled in a darker mauve.

A faintly-scented, and quite large flower with a pinkish-purple spur.  The stems are of a fair size, holding the flowers above the foliage.

Covent Garden - Kerry Carmen, Masterton, New Zealand.

The first of an amazing quintet of violets introduced by Kerry Carmen, a noted plantswoman and author in her native New Zealand.

Pink flowers with a darker eye and medium sized blooms.

Cre’puscule – Dr Judith McLeod, Honeysuckle Cottage Nursery, NSW, Australia.

Large apricot flowers with mauve shading, and a faint blue flush in the throat.

Crimean - Origins unknown, c 1870.

Blue flowers.

Crimson Bedder - Origins unknown, c 1920

No description available.

Culculata - An Australian violet.

Not to be confused with the species V. cucullata, to which it bears no resemblance.

A very vigorous violet with small, rich red-violet  flowers.

Very fragrant.

Czar - F.J. Graham, Cranford  (Middlesex) UK. 1863 

Introduced  by Thomas Softly Ware, the famous nurseryman of Tottenham and Feltham in Middlesex.

Deep purple long stemmed flowers, strongly scented, very free and reliable.

Czar Bleu - Armand Millet, Bourg la Reine, France. 1875. 

Introduced 1878.

A seedling of the 'Czar'. 

This cultivar differed from its parent in that the petals were rounded, longer and very firm. It is darker in colour and the scent is as pronounced, though more delicate.  The leaves are more deeply serrated and stronger as are the flowers more erect.

In the words of Millet: “This cultivar would seem to have had a dual personality… I called it 'Czar Bleu', or 'Reine Victoria'.  It received the second name the following year (1876) when’’ it appeared under the name 'Reine Victoria’; so, as to avoid confusion I left it with the two names, which were already known.  It was precisely the same plant.”

It is worth noting that this violet got the name 'Reine Victoria' in the Midi region of France, in honour of Queen Victoria, who stayed there each year.

Czar Rose - Nathalie Casbas, Villaudric, France.

No description available.

Czar Variegated - Origins unknown.  1898.

A variegated form of the 'Czar'.

© 2002, 2003 The American Violet Society & Project Associates (See Copyright Page)

Select Desired Section

Return to AVS Homepage